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The viticulture in North America is young, oriented towards the old world and always open for innovations, visions and first-class creations. Along the west coast of the USA, ambitious winegrowers have pressed their way into the top league and convince internationally with luscious red wines, filigree white wines and an unbroken pioneering spirit.
American wine - by the people, for the people
Winegrowing in the United States of America looks back on a wild, albeit rather short, history. It was not until the 1970s that a strong wine production developed, which has made it into a circle with France, Italy and Spain with impressive speed. At the latest since the 1976 Paris Wine Jury, where Californian wines outperformed their French counterparts, US wine has been considered a serious part of the wine elite. Barrel-aged Burgundy-style reds from California, finesse-rich Chardonnay whites from Washington state's Columbia Valley and deep red Pinot Noir reds from the vineyards of Oregon's emerging wine regions. American wines do not have to fear the comparison with European drops. The unfortunate thing about the high quality of USA wines is that most of them never leave the country. Fortunately, with VINELLO you have a reliable partner who has shipped a choice selection of top wines from the USA across the pond for you.
The history of American viticulture
The history of the USA is the history of migrants and discoveries. The history of American viticulture is no exception. As early as the Viking expeditions, people came across the natural grapevines, which grew luxuriantly but did not satisfy the tastes of later settlers. French Huguenots are considered the first to produce wine according to the European model. With moderate success. The local grapes were not edible and imported vines became diseased or were carried off by phylloxera. A topic with which the American viticulture had to fight for a long time. The first cultivated vineyards were established in California around 1796, when Junipero Serra and a group of Mexican settlers planted vines in the hills around San Diego. At the latest with the arrival of European settlers, expert wine knowledge also moved to the United States. After various setbacks and some experimentation with soils, grape varieties and cultivation, wine became established among the local population. With the construction of the railroad between East and West, wine from California spread to the much populated East Coast. It was hard to stop the cultivation of wine, at least until the Prohibition movement turned the face of the wine industry upside down.
Except for religious purposes, no more wine was allowed to be produced since the decree from 1919 on. Vineyards were cleared, wineries closed, wine knowledge lost. Even the end of the prohibition in 1933 did not stop the slump for US wine. The great depression in the 30s and the second world war let the luxury food wander into the background. After the U.S. overcame the challenges of the times, wine production took off in previously unimagined proportions. Today, almost every state produces wine, with about 90% of the yield coming from California. Nevertheless, American viticulture attracted attention. One won the wine jury of Paris, rose as one of the biggest producers of the world in elite circles and inspires the wine lovers with award-winning and high-quality wines from the big cultivation areas of the USA.
The top 3 American growing regions
America is no stranger to superlatives. The biggest, the best, the most - when it comes to environmentally conscious winemaking, these values apply to California. Nearly 90% of American wine is produced in regions along the cool Pacific coast and in the hot interior. The diverse climate allows for the smooth cultivation of the noble grape varieties Chardonnay, Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel, Sauvignon Blanc, Barbera, Riesling, Grenache, Semillon and many more. Especially powerful and massive red wines as well as fine white wines put California on a level with European regions. The urge to innovate prevents stagnation. American winemakers are not resting on their laurels, but are trying to reinvent themselves. A change from heavy wines to light and multifaceted wines is currently in full swing and surprises wine connoisseurs again and again with the diverse tastes from the land of unlimited possibilities.
In the northwest of the country one finds with the vineyards of the state of Washington the, after California, largest cultivation areas for American wine. Since the 60s, mainly white wine varieties, such as Chardonnay, Riesling, Sauvignon Blanc, but also Cabernet Sauvignon and Shiraz for American red wine, grow and thrive on the approximately 11,800 hectares of vineyards. The main growing area is the Columbia Valley with 95% of the total acreage. With cold nights, hot summers and sandy soils, Washington holds ideal conditions for the production of fresh and refined white wines. However, with the promising produce of Syrah, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon, Washington red wine is also developing into an enjoyable experience.
Small, young and already a flagship for American wine. Oregon's Pinot Noir is cultivated on half of the vineyard area, because the demand for the full-bodied red wine is immense. In addition, there are optimal conditions for Riesling, Gewürztraminer, Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay and Pinot Gris. The viticulture in Oregon is on the rise and will still be talked about in the future. Following the French philosophy of terroir, the vintners are eager to vinify wines in Burgundy style with Oregon terroir.
AVA - Appellations of Origin in the USA
Unlike in European countries, there are no legally regulated quality levels for wine in the USA. Only the designation of origin, called American Viticultural Area or AVA for short, provides information about the exact origin of the wine. This indication is purely geographical and does not refer to yield, grape variety or storage. The size of an AVA can vary from very large (Upper Mississippi River Valley with about 77,000 km²) to comparatively tiny (Cole Ranch with about 240m²). Among the better known AVAs you will find for example Napa Valley, Columbia Valley and Dundee Hills - all regions from which we can offer you fine American wines.
Buy American wines cheap online
Ocean breezes of the Pacific, mountain ranges of the Cascade Range, vast valleys along mighty rivers - the beauty of nature is reflected in the American wines. Taste the US wine from overseas and let the symbiosis between traditional consciousness and modern wine school convince you. Order online your wines from America cheap and uncomplicated on VINELLO. Discover fine wines from California, Oregon and Washington to buy cheap. We make sure that your American wines survive the long journey safely and undamaged. Modern interpretations of European grape varieties, drawn from endless possibilities. USA wine at your wine trade VINELLO - once there and back again.
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